sea freight forwarder in china

sea freight forwarder in china

2022-10-14 16:53:02

A sea freight forwarder refers to a service that accepts the entrustment of the consignor and handles the customs declaration, handover, warehousing, allocation, inspection, packaging, packing, transshipment, booking, etc. Sea freight forwarders belong to a category of international freight forwarders.




import agent


Sign the agency import agreement → the consignee prepares the import documents → change the order → apply for inspection → customs declaration → handle the goods handover order → pick up the box → pick up the goods


Specific operations: First, sign an import agency agreement with a foreign trade company.


Import documents:


  1. The consignee provides the freight forwarder with a full set of import documents; the freight forwarder finds out which shipping company is carrying the goods, which shipping agency operates, and where can the bill of lading (small bill of lading) be exchanged.


  1. Import documents include the original bill of lading with endorsement or copy by telex, packing list, invoice, and contract (general trade).


  1. The freight forwarder should contact the station in advance and confirm the pick-up fee, unpacking fee, loading fee, and empty return fee.


Exchange order:


  1. The freight forwarder confirms the arrival time and location of the ship at the designated shipping agency or shipping company. If you need to transfer the ship, you must confirm the name of the second-way ship.


  1. Go to the shipping company or the shipping agency to exchange for the bill of lading (small bill of lading) with the original bill of lading with endorsement (if the goods are delivered by telegram, fax and the letter of guarantee for the delivery of the goods can be delivered by telegram).


Inspection application:


The Inspection and Quarantine Bureau confirms whether the goods are subject to commodity inspection according to the supervision conditions in the "Commodity Code".


Customs declaration (customs clearance):


  1. The foreign trade company is responsible for customs clearance


  1. Customs declaration materials include: the original bill of lading with endorsement/copy of telex release, packing list, invoice, contract, small bill of lading


  1. Customs:


(1) Customs clearance time: within one working day

(2) Special goods: two to three working days

(3) Inspection: a. Technical inspection, according to the documents and specific goods to decide whether to inspect; b. Random inspection, after the release of the customs release department, the computer will conduct random inspections.


Handling the delivery of goods:


  1. The freight forwarder shall go to the shipping company or the shipping agency's box management department to handle the cargo delivery order with the original bill of lading with endorsement (fax and letter of guarantee for telex release and delivery).


  1. Cargo handover list: it is the certificate for the exchange of containers and other mechanical equipment between the container returner, the container transporter, and the container manager or its agent when the container enters and leaves the port area and station, and the container manager issues the container certificate. function. It is divided into two types: entry and exit, and the exchange procedures are handled at the gate of the dockyard.




  1. The freight forwarder will go to the container management department to handle the payment procedures for the overdue use fee, unloading fee, import document fee, and other expenses of the imported container with the small bill of lading and the "application form of the trailer company".


  1. If the mortgagor is not the consignee indicated on the bill of lading, the mortgagor must issue a letter of guarantee (guarantee) agreeing to deposit money for the consignee and pay the corresponding fees.


  1. After the deposit is completed and authorized by the shipping agency container management department, go to the import container post to go through the procedures for picking up the container, receive the container equipment handover form, and check whether the content is correct.


  1. After the consignee unpacks the empty imported goods, it returns the empty container to the designated return location.


  1. After the empty container returns to the designated yard, the consignee should go to the container management department to go through the settlement procedures of the container fee with the deposit voucher in time.




  1. The freight forwarder or the consignee will contact the trailer to pick up the goods at the wharf or station designated by the shipping agency with the small bill of lading.


  1. The mortgagor goes to the container management department to go through the container mortgage settlement procedures.


export agent


The basic process is: accepting the consignment of the cargo owner - chartering and booking space - packing and collecting ports - customs declaration - making bills of lading - sending bills of lading and writing off tax refund documents.


Accept the commission:


After receiving the entrustment of the owner. The following aspects should be confirmed first, including the recordation (annual review) of the unit at the customs of the exporting place; whether the customs declaration documents are complete (the full set of customs declaration documents includes the entrusted customs declaration agreement, the export goods declaration form, the packing list, the invoice, the contract, and the export receipt). Remittance verification form and various documents involved in customs supervision conditions); whether all kinds of documents required in customs supervision conditions are available; what kind of container is used for the goods; whether there are any special requirements, etc.




According to the requirements of the cargo owner's maritime power of attorney, the shipping company to determine the space (obtain the name of the ship, voyage, bill of lading number), packing point, port time, and place.


Packing and collection port:


  1. Packing at the place of origin: The shipping company transports the empty container to the shipper's warehouse or factory according to the owner's requirements, and then directly transports the container to the container yard or direct collection port after packing the goods.


  1. Factory delivery: The factory or the shipper delivers the goods to the container transfer station designated by the shipping company, and the transfer station is responsible for loading the goods into the containers in turn. When necessary, the shipper should go to the packing site to check the loading situation to prevent short loading or wrong loading.


Making bills of lading:


According to the relevant contents of the manifest and the shipping order, print the bill of lading, and fax the contents of the bill of lading to the client to confirm that it is correct and make a formal bill of lading.


Sending bills of lading and writing off tax refund documents:


After confirming that the goods have been loaded and shipped, send a full set of bills of lading to the client as soon as possible, so that there is sufficient time for the settlement of foreign exchange procedures.


After the customs release, it is necessary to send the export tax refund declaration form and the verification form stamped by the customs to the client as soon as possible.


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