Dangerous Goods Logistics

Dangerous Goods Logistics

Dangerous goods are a general term for flammable, explosive and strongly corrosive goods. The dangerous goods shipping, either shipping dangerous goods by sea, by air or by road, is extremely dangerous, and carelessness may cause material loss or casualties. China has become the second-largest economy in the world. The export of chemical and pharmaceutical raw materials, which are classified as dangerous goods, is increasing rapidly. 

China's transportation of dangerous goods regulations is also increasing year by year and gradually becoming more formalized. Realhong already possesses professional dangerous goods transportation service skills under its strict requirements.

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What Is Dangerous Goods 

Hazardous material is the general name of flammable, explosive, strongly corrosive, toxic and radioactive materials. Such as gasoline, explosives, strong acid, strong alkali, benzene, naphthalene, etc. It shall be handled scientifically and properly during production, transportation, storage and destruction. Dangerous goods in shipping must be treated with extreme care and considering its danger. Any wrong dangerous goods shipping behavior may cause serious consequences and may cause disaster to the lives of people on shore or on board.


9 Categories Of Dangerous Goods

According to GB13690-1992 "Classification and Marking of Commonly Used Dangerous Chemicals" and GB6944-2005 "Classification and Numbering of Dangerous Goods", dangerous goods are divided into the following 9 categories:

The first category-explosives, the second category-gases, the third category-flammable liquids, the fourth category-flammable solids, substances prone to spontaneous combustion, substances that emit flammable gas in contact with water, the fifth category -Oxidizing substances and organic peroxides, Class 6-Toxic and infectious substances, Class 7-Radioactive substances, Class 8-Corrosive substances, Class 9-Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles .

For those chemicals with multiple dangerous attributes, they are generally classified according to the principle of “select the most important”, that is, according to the main dangerous attributes of hazardous chemicals. So these dangerous goods transport should be with careful patience.

How To Transport Dangerous Goods 

Before you can offer hazardous materials to air freight carriers for shipment, you need to properly classify, mark and label the package to identify the hazard. When shipping hazardous materials or flammable liquids, follow these steps to ensure the package is properly packaged and labeled. Some airlines may have additional carrier-specific requirements, so be sure to check with the carrier before offering hazardous materials for shipment.

Step 1: Safety Data Sheets are used to determine if the items you are shipping may be hazardous. Typically, you can obtain an SDS from the manufacturer of the product you plan to do shipping hazardous materials by air and review the shipping information section.

Step 2: If it is determined that an item is a hazardous material, the FAA recommends that you perform a needs assessment analysis to determine which employees will perform the hazardous material function.

Step 3: For most employees, training will include general and safety awareness, safety and function-specific training. In accordance with 49 CFR, hazardous materials employees receive periodic training every three years.

Shipping Dangerous Goods By Sea

Firstly, the hazard of the transported chemical products shall be confirmed, and the hazard level shall be clearly marked in item 14 of MSDs. When dangerous chemicals are exported by international sea, in order to ensure the safety of dangerous goods transportation and storage, the outer packaging of dangerous chemicals needs to be approved by the commodity inspection authority. At the time of export, the local commodity inspection authority will review and finally issue a written dangerous package certificate. This dangerous package certificate must be prepared in advance. The foreign trade personnel shall provide MSDS and dangerous package Certificate in Chinese and English. We shall decide whether to release the cargo according to the information on them. In a series of operations such as international maritime dangerous goods booking, trailer, customs declaration and maritime declaration, the most important thing is time control. If the rhythm is not well controlled, the shipping schedule will be delayed, resulting in high warehouse rent and container rent.

Shipping Hazardous Materials By Air

The first thing to pay attention to is the packaging. The packaging must meet the packaging requirements specified in the UN number of the dangerous goods. The second is to determine whether the destination airport can accept dangerous goods. Some small countries or relatively remote airports cannot accept dangerous goods by air. Before booking space, you must fill in an application form for registration of entry-exit inspection and quarantine application unit and an application form for packaging identification.When booking space, in addition to the normal documents, the following documents must be provided: Chinese and English instructions for dangerous goods (copy), identification result sheet for the use of packaging containers for export dangerous goods, performance identification result sheet for packaging containers for export dangerous goods, and sometimes packing certificate shall be provided.Before the dangerous goods are exported by air, the instructions for dangerous goods shall be provided, and the customs shall be asked whether the port accepts such dangerous goods.

Shipping Hazardous Materials By Road

In dangerous goods logistics shipping, drivers should learn some chemical knowledge and understand the physical and chemical properties of frequently transported chemicals. Before shipment, ask the business department about the physical and chemical properties of the goods and precautions. Secondly, the loader ensures that the loading is firm. Third, you can't smoke when driving, otherwise it's easy to cause an explosion. Fourth, regularly check whether the goods leak during driving. Fifth, dangerous goods delivery needs to avoid residential areas and water sources. Finally, unload carefully.

Dangerous Goods Shipping Regulations 

Before offering a dangerous good to an air carrier for shipment, the dangerous goods shipping regulations require YOU, the shipper, to properly classify, package, mark and label the package to identify the hazard. In the regulations promulgated by the United Nations: in the management of tunnel passage, according to the dangerous characteristics of dangerous goods may produce explosions, leakage of toxic substances, fire, the tunnel is divided into five categories, such as A, B, C, D, E, etc., to clarify the type of dangerous goods each tunnel restricted transport passage. The types of dangerous goods delivery generally include air freight courier transport logisticsfreight by road and railway goods transport, but no matter what type of transportation is used, the most important thing is safe transportation. Therefore, the following points should be paid attention to in transportation:

1. Pay attention to packaging: The category and name of dangerous goods must be clearly and clearly marked in English.

2. Pay attention to loading and unloading: wear protective tools when loading and unloading, handle with care.

3. Pay attention to transportation equipment: use transportation equipment suitable for dangerous goods.

4. Pay attention to fire prevention.

5. Pay attention to driving.

6. Pay attention to leakage.

7. Pay attention to parking: Do not park at will in crowded places, and take safety measures when parking.

8. Pay attention to clearing the compartment: After the transportation, it should be washed and disinfected to avoid the residue of dangerous goods.

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