Ⅰ. Introduction to logistics transportation

We all know that logistics transportation is the process in which goods are exchanged and transported between each other. It can be said that the process of exchanging these things is a process that requires great attention for many logistics companies. In this process, it is necessary to ensure the safety of these items, and their integrity which can be said to be a very important task. The exchange of these materials can also promote the economic cooperation and trade exchanges between the two parties to a large extent. These commodities can also determine the economic development of a certain place. Logistics is a very important part to help exchange goods between our regions to a great extent.

Ⅱ. Types of logistics transportation

1. Road transport

This is a mode of transporting goods and passengers on the highway mainly using automobiles, but also using other vehicles (such as human and animal-powered vehicles). Road transport logistics is mainly responsible for short-distance, small-batch freight and water transportation, long-distance and large-volume freight transportation in areas difficult to reach by rail transportation, and short-distance transportation where the advantages of rail and water transportation are difficult to use. Due to the strong flexibility of road transportation, long-distance mass logistics transportation has also begun to use road transportation in areas with railways and water transportation in recent years.

2. Rail transport

This is a mode of transportation that uses railway trains to transport passengers and goods. Railway goods transport mainly undertakes long-distance, large-volume freight. Almost all large-volume goods rely on railways in areas without water transportation, which is the main form of transportation in trunk transportation.

3. Water transport

This is a mode of transportation that uses ships to transport passengers and goods.

Water transportation mainly undertakes large-volume, long-distance logistics transportation, and it is a form of transportation that plays a major role in trunk transportation. In inland rivers and coastal areas, water transportation is often used as a small means of transportation to supplement and connect large-volume trunk transportation.

(1) Coastal transportation. It is a mode of using ships to transport passengers and goods through coastal waterways near the mainland.  Medium and small ships are used generally.

(2) Offshore transportation. It is a form of transportation that uses ships to transport passengers and goods through the sea lanes of countries adjacent to the mainland. Medium-sized ships or small ships can be used depending on the voyage.

(3) Ocean transportation. It is a form of long-distance transportation that uses ships to cross the ocean, mainly relying on large ships with large volumes.

(4) Inland water transportation. It is a mode of using ships for transportation in rivers, lakes, and other waterways on land, mainly using medium and small ships.

4. Air freight

This is a mode of transportation using airplanes or other aircraft. There are two types of goods that are mainly suitable for transportation due to the high unit cost of air transportation. One is high-value goods with strong freight capacity, such as parts and components of valuable equipment and high-end products; the other is urgently needed supplies, such as disaster relief supplies.

5. Pipeline transportation

This is a transportation method that uses pipelines to transport gases, liquids and powdered solids. Its transportation mode is realized by the objects moving in the pipeline along the pressure direction. The important difference from other transportation methods is that the pipeline equipment is stationary.